Explain three different ways of promoting good health and safety practice in an adult social care setting.

Good health and safety practice can be promoted in an adult social care setting in many ways.

Encouraging everybody (including service users, staff and visitors) to report any potential and actual hazards that they encounter promptly means that the environment can be made safer quicker.

Explaining to everybody that is their responsibility to ensure that they take reasonable care to ensure the health and safety of themselves and others can help them to understand that health and safety should be taken seriously by all. Also, it should be explained that it is their responsibility to follow health and safety policies and procedures.

All staff should be advised that it is their legal responsibility to attend health and safety training and management should ensure that they are given opportunities to do this.

Explain the different stages of a risk assessment.

The different stages of a risk assessment are:

  1. Identify Hazards – You could be actively looking for potential hazards or simply notice something that could be potentially hazardous whilst carrying out your day-to-day activities.
  2. Assessing Risks – Having identified a hazard, you must then make an assessment of what risks to people’s safety it could cause.
  3. Take Precautions – Decide what actions will prevent or minimise the risks.
  4. Document – Record the hazards, risks and actions on a risk assessment form along with any procedures.
  5. Review – Regularly review the risk assessment to keep it in line with current legislation and working practices and record any changes.

Explain why it is important to assess health and safety risks.

It is important to assess health and safety risks to prevent or minimise hazards that could potentially cause illness or injury. This protects all individuals from harm as much as is reasonably possible.

In addition, health and safety risks must be assessed to comply with legislation and company policies and procedures.

Explain the procedure to be followed in the event of an accident or sudden illness.

In the event of an accident or sudden illness, the individual should be assessed immediately and first aid administered if necessary. The person responding to the accident or sudden illness should also shout for help from others and ask them to call the emergency services, if required.

When the individual is stable, management should be informed as well as the individual’s next of kin. Management should notify HSE and CQC.

As soon as is viably possible, the accident or sudden illness should be recorded on an Accident/Incident Form.

Describe three types of accidents or sudden illnesses that may occur in a social care settings.

Despite the best laid plans and risk assessments, sometimes accidents and sudden illnesses do occur in a social care setting.

An individual may accidentally pour boiling water over their hand whilst making a cup of tea and scald their skin or not cook their food correctly and get food poisoning.  They may also trip and fall down the stairs or have a cardiac arrest or stroke.

Evaluate the effectiveness of three different strategies for managing stress.

Stress can be managed in many ways.

Very often, simply talking to someone about you feel can alleviate the stress. This could be in the form of offloading worries to a loved one or explaining to your manager why you will be unable to meet a deadline. This is a simple, yet effective, way to manage stress.

Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or meditation can be a useful way to combat stress as it allows you to take time to relax, reflect on the problems internally and maybe come up with some solutions. Again this is easy to do but can also be very effective.

Going on a stress management course can help you to learn techniques to manage your stress more effectively. Although it may be useful in the long term, this would not help with any immediate stresses as you would have to wait until the date of the training.

Describe three common signs or indicators of stress.

There are several signs or indicators that yourself or somebody else is suffering from stress.

It may be a change in eating or sleeping habits, such as a loss of appetite, overeating, being tired all the time or insomnia.

Changes in characteristics, such as being easily irritated, getting angry for no tangible reason or having a lack of motivation can suggest that somebody is stressed.

Oversensitivity or tearfulness is another sign of stress.

Explain the potential consequences of not following food safety standards in social care setting.

James is 19 years old; he lives with his parents, twice a week he goes bowling or to the cinema with his support workers. They also go with him to the local college where he is studying Horticulture. At his last care planning meeting James expressed a wish to live independently with someone of his own age. His mother is against any change; she has dedicated her life to caring for him since he was diagnosed as having Asperger’s Syndrome. She is particularly worried that James will be at risk because he has limited experience of living independently. She is concerned he will make himself ill because he has limited experience of general health and safety in the kitchen and has no understanding about food safety. She will not discuss it with James or the social care workers. James is very angry with her.   

If food safety standards are not followed correctly in a social care setting, individuals could be put at risk of serious illness from infection or food poisoning. This can include vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps and dehydration. This poses a risk not only to the individual that that didn’t follow the standards but also their support workers and any other people that they reside with.

It could result in the person’s family being worried or anxious about their loved one and may cause them to seek legal recourse or want to remove the individual from the social care setting.

Support workers may feel guilt and staff morale could be lowered.

If an individual is unable to go to work, this could lead to financial implications or they may not be able to partake in an activity they have been looking forward to (such as a holiday) because of their illness.

As touched upon above it could lead to legal action against the service provider as legislation would have been contravened as well as company policies and procedures. This could also lead to disciplinary action and potential dismissal of employees.

Food Safety: Using the table below, explain how James should:

James is 19 years old; he lives with his parents, twice a week he goes bowling or to the cinema with his support workers. They also go with him to the local college where he is studying Horticulture. At his last care planning meeting James expressed a wish to live independently with someone of his own age. His mother is against any change; she has dedicated her life to caring for him since he was diagnosed as having Asperger’s Syndrome. She is particularly worried that James will be at risk because he has limited experience of living independently. She is concerned he will make himself ill because he has limited experience of general health and safety in the kitchen and has no understanding about food safety. She will not discuss it with James or the social care workers. James is very angry with her.   

 

Store food safely
Read the labels on food packaging to identify how it should be stored (fridge, freezer, cupboard etc.)

Store raw meat and poultry on the bottom shelf of the fridge.

Cover and date any leftover food and wait for it to cool before putting in the fridge.

Handle food safely
Wash hands thoroughly before handling food.

Ensure work surfaces are clean and tidy.

Ensure cooking utensils are clean.

Use the correct utensils for the food type (e.g. colour-coded chopping boards and knives)

Cook food at the correct temperature.

Ensure food is cooked thoroughly before serving.

Dispose of food safely
Clean up any mess or spillages quickly.

Put all food that is past its use-by date into the bin.

Empty the bin regularly.