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1.1. Outline the potential effects of living with autism on an individual’s: development and puberty, education, employment and life chances, access to services and facilities.

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Living with autism can have profound effects on an individual’s life, influencing various aspects including their development and puberty, education, employment, life chances, as well as their access to services and facilities. Autism, being a spectrum disorder, affects individuals differently, but there are common challenges that many face.

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Development & Puberty

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In terms of development and puberty, individuals with autism may experience these stages differently or more intensely than their neurotypical peers. They might face challenges in understanding and coping with the physical and emotional changes that come with puberty. This can be compounded by difficulties in social communication and interaction, making it harder for them to express their feelings and seek support. Sensory sensitivities common in autism can also intensify during puberty, making this period particularly challenging.

Education

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When it comes to education, individuals with autism might struggle in traditional learning environments which are not tailored to their specific needs. Communication difficulties, sensory sensitivities, and the need for routine and predictability can make mainstream educational settings challenging. Without the appropriate support, such as special education services or accommodations, these individuals may not reach their full academic potential, affecting their further education and career prospects.

Employment & Life Chances

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In the realm of employment, adults with autism often face significant barriers. Despite having the skills and abilities to perform in various roles, the lack of understanding and accommodation in the workplace can limit their employment opportunities. This underemployment or unemployment significantly affects their life chances, leading to financial instability and affecting their ability to live independently.

Access to Services & Facilities

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Access to services and facilities is another critical area where individuals with autism might encounter obstacles. Navigating healthcare, social services, or even public transport can be overwhelming due to communication barriers, sensory issues, and a lack of autism-awareness among service providers. This can lead to individuals with autism being underserved or experiencing increased anxiety in public spaces, impacting their overall health and well-being.

Summary

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In summary, living with autism affects individuals across multiple facets of life, from their personal development to their social and economic participation. Without adequate support and accommodations, these challenges can hinder their ability to live healthy and fulfilled lives. However, with increased awareness and tailored support, individuals with autism can thrive, achieving their educational and employment goals, and accessing the services they need.

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