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1.2. Describe the impact on family members of supporting: a child or young person with autism, an adult with autism.

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Supporting a family member with autism, whether a child, young person, or an adult, significantly impacts the dynamics, emotional well-being, and daily routines of the entire family. The nature of this impact often varies depending on the stage of life of the individual with autism and the evolving challenges and needs associated with these stages.

A Child or Young Person with Autism

When supporting a child or young person with autism, families often face a wide array of challenges that can affect their emotional and psychological health, financial stability, and social relationships.

Parents and siblings might experience high levels of stress due to the constant need for care, advocacy, and support for the child with autism. This can include navigating educational services, attending therapy sessions, and managing behavioural challenges.

The family’s social life may also be impacted, as parents might find it challenging to find childcare or feel isolated from social networks due to the child’s needs.

Financially, the costs associated with therapies, interventions, and potentially modified living arrangements can place a significant burden on families. Additionally, siblings may feel a sense of neglect or bear the weight of added responsibilities, which can affect their emotional development and family relationships.

An Adult with Autism

In the case of supporting an adult with autism, families often continue to navigate a complex landscape of emotional, financial, and practical challenges.

Adults with autism may require ongoing support to live independently, secure employment, and manage social relationships. Families may face the ongoing task of advocating for their adult family member’s rights and access to services, which can be both time-consuming and emotionally draining.

The uncertainty about the future, especially concerns about the adult with autism’s well-being after the parents are no longer able to provide care, can be a significant source of anxiety and stress. However, families also play a crucial role in promoting independence and self-advocacy for adults with autism, which can be rewarding and strengthen familial bonds.


Overall, the impact on family members of supporting an individual with autism is profound and multi-faceted. It requires considerable emotional resilience, flexibility, and resources. Families often benefit from external support and resources, including respite care, counselling, and autism support groups, which can provide vital information, emotional support, and a sense of community. Recognising and addressing the needs of all family members is essential in navigating the challenges of autism support, ensuring that the family unit remains strong and resilient.

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