This page is designed to answer the following questions:
- 13.7a Explain how to prevent fires from starting or spreading (Care Certificate, Standard 13: Health and safety)
- 7.1 Describe practices that prevent fires from: starting, spreading (Level 2 Diploma in Care, Health, safety and wellbeing in care settings)
- 7.1 Describe practices that prevent fires from: starting, spreading. (Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care, Promote health, safety and wellbeing in care settings)
- 7.2 Demonstrate measures that prevent fires from starting. (Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care, Promote health, safety and wellbeing in care settings)
Fire can cause damage, injury and death and most fires are preventable. Therefore, it is important that all employees understand about fire prevention and how fires can spread.
For a fire to start, three things are needed:
- Fuel e.g. combustible materials like paper, wood etc.
This is represented by the Fire Triangle below.
When these three things combine, a chemical reaction takes place which creates fire.
Removing any one of the three ‘sides’ of the fire triangle will prevent a fire from starting or spreading.
Practical advice for fire prevention include:
- keeping flammable substances (fuel) and ignition sources (heat) apart
- keeping the workplace clean and tidy – rubbish left lying around is a source of fuel for a fire
- avoid using naked flames unless absolutely necessary
- do not smoke in the workplace
- do not leave food cooking unattended
- avoid using portable heaters where possible
Practical advice for preventing fires from spreading include:
- using fire safety equipment such as fire extinguishers or fire blankets
- closing doors
- having a clean and tidy workplace
- call emergency services as soon as possible