Explain the difference between proactive and reactive strategies

NOTE: Please be aware that the information on this page is a very rough draft and has not been fact-checked so should be used accordingly (taken with a pinch of salt)! However, it should (hopefully) give you some pointers and set you off in the right direction.

Proactive strategies are techniques to prevent challenging behaviour happening, whereas reactive strategies are techniques that are used during an incident of challenging behaviour. Proactive strategies are always preferred as an incident of challenging behaviour can be very stressful for an individual and affect their well-being. Looking at triggers or antecedents that lead to challenging behaviour and trying to avoid or nullify them is an example of a proactive strategy. Distracting an individual whose behaviour is challenging is a reactive strategy.