Category LD OP 307 Principles of supporting individuals with a learning disability regarding sexuality and sexual health

Describe how socio-cultural factors and religious beliefs can influence an individual’s sexual development

Socio-cultural factors that can influence an individual’s sexual development are manifold. During childhood, ideas, views and opinions relating to sexuality will be learned from immediate family. This can include topics such as gender roles, contraception, sex before marriage or promiscuity. Children will be heavily influenced by what they see in the family home. Habitual norms

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Describe how genetic factors can influence the sexual development, sexual expression and sexual health of an individual with a learning disability

In genetics, the sex chromosomes determine whether an individual is male or female. An individual will get an X-chromosome from their mother and a second X-chromosome from their father if they are a female (XX). Males get an X-chromosome from their mother and a Y-chromosome from their father (XY). Therefore, sexual development is based on

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Explain main sexual development milestones throughout an individual’s lifespan

From birth, babies can experience sexual pleasure from touching their genitals and males can have erections. By around age 2, infants will know their own gender and understand the difference between male and female genetalia. As they get older they will become more curious about sexual subjects. Pre-adolescence usually occurs between ages 8 and 12

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Define the terms: sexuality, sexual health, sexual orientation and sexual expression

Sexuality is the capacity for sexual feelings. Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being with regards sexuality. Sexual orientation is the gender to which an individual is attracted to. Sexual expression is the expression and experience of sexuality.