Category: 278: Principles of supporting individuals with a learning disability to access healthcare

Unit 278 guides care workers in supporting the individuals that they support to access and use healthcare services including their GP, dentist, community nurse, hospital etc.

A file with 'informed consent' written on it and a stethoscope resting on top

1.5 Describe the actions to take if an individual cannot give informed consent to the treatment

If an individual is unable to give their consent to treatment, tests or examination (perhaps due to not having the capacity to understand the implications) then the healthcare professional should investigate if the individual has a Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) or Legally Appointed Deputy (LPD) for their health and welfare. These individuals are able to…

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A file with 'informed consent' written on it and a stethoscope resting on top

1.4 Explain why it is important to ensure an individual is able to give informed consent to their treatment in line with legislation, policies or guidance

It is essential that an individual is able to give their informed consent to treatment, test or examination prior to it commencing. This is an important part of medical ethics and human rights legislation (see the Human Rights Act 1998). For individuals with learning disabilities, there may not be immediate certainty that they are able…

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A boy in a wheelchair with a nurse

1.3 Describe ways that healthcare services should make ‘reasonable adjustments’ to ensure that they provide equal access to individuals with a learning disability

There are many ways that healthcare services can make reasonable adjustments to make equal accessibility available to individuals with learning disabilities. For example, organisations can ensure that their signposts are clear and easy to follow. Similarly, handouts such as leaflets and information sheets may need to be adjusted so that people with learning disabilities are…

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Legislation word cloud

1.2 Identify legislation which supports a rights-based approach to accessing healthcare

The most obvious piece of legislation that supports a rights-based approach to accessing healthcare is the Human Rights Act 1998. This defines the fundamental rights and freedoms that all individuals are entitled to, whether they have a disability or not. Each right is an article and they are collectively known as the Convention Rights. Article…

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Human Rights-Based Approach

1.1 Outline what is meant by a rights-based approach to accessing healthcare

A rights-based approach to accessing healthcare in relation to individuals with learning disabilities brings that person’s basic human rights to the forefront of the healthcare they receive. Individuals with learning disabilities are first and foremost individuals and have the same needs and rights regarding healthcare as those without learning disabilities. Therefore they should be implicit…

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