Person-centred planning is an approach and set of tools to gather information about what an individual requires in terms of support. Personalisation is using this information along with a personal budget to put the in place the support that an individual needs, giving them choice and control over the outcome.
Current legislation, policy and guidance underpinning person-centred thinking and planning includes:
- The governmental policy ‘Putting People First’ aims to transform social care so that it is person-centred
- The Department of Health’s white paper ‘Valuing People’ (later updated to ‘Valuing People Now’) outlines the government strategy for ensuring a person-centred approach for people with learning disabilities
- The government white paper ‘Personalisation Through Person-Centred Planning’ seeks to share learning about how person-centred thinking and planning can help the delivery of ‘Putting People First’ and Valuing People Now’
- The Disability Discrimination Act makes it unlawful for anyone to be discriminated against because they have a disability
The person-centred review process usually comprises of the following steps:
- What people like/admire about the individual
- What is important to them now and in the future
- What support they require
- What is working and not working for the individual, their family and others
- Questions to answer
- Action plan
As described earlier, a one-page profile is a brief introduction to a person, capturing key information on a single sheet of paper including appreciations about the individual, what is important to them and what support they require. They often also have a photograph of the individual. An example template has been provided below:
Person-centred thinking tools include:
- One page profiles – a single page of information about a person including what they are good at, what is important to them and what they need support with
- Relationship circle – a diagram of concentric circles showing a person’s relationships with the innermost circle representing the people closest to them (an example template of a relationship circle has been attached to this document as evidence)
- Matching tool – a method of getting a good match between individuals and their support staff by looking at the skills needed, support needed, personality characteristics and common interests.
Person centred thinking empowers individuals and their families to make their own decisions about how they lead their lives and the support they receive, resulting in a better quality of life, more independence and the ability to shape their own destiny.
Person-centred thinking is a set of values, skills and tools used to personalise the health and social care services that an individual receives and aid person-centred planning.
Person-centred planning is a set of approaches designed to help an individual plan their life and the support they receive.
Person-centred reviews are regular (usually annual but can be more frequent) reviews of an individual’s life and the support they receive and looks at what is working and what is not working and if any changes need to be made.
Person-centred thinking and planning is primarily based on:
- the social model of disability – focuses on removing barriers that are created by society rather than trying to fix an individual’s impairments
- social inclusion – all members of society have the same opportunities
- normalisation – providing the conditions for everybody to be able to live a normal life
- social role valorization – enable, establish/maintain valued social roles for everybody
- framework for accomplishment – shaping people’s everyday lives by enabling everybody to share ordinary places, make choices, develop abilities, be treated with respect and have a valued social role and grow in relationships
Person-centred thinking puts an individual at the core of all planning and decisions that affect them.